Desflurane And Sevoflurane Comparison Essay

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Abstract

Objective: The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of two inhalation anesthetics, desflurane and sevoflurane, on middle ear pressure. Methods: After we obtained written consent from the patients and the approval from our institutional ethical committee, we included 56 ASA I-II patients aged between 18 and 60 years in this study. They were randomly divided into two groups of 28 patients each. Desflurane 4-6% (Group D) or sevoflurane 1-2% (Group S) were used for anesthesia management in patients. Baseline tympanometry was carried out and recorded before the induction of anesthesia on both ears, and 3 more measurements were done and recorded 5, 15 and 30 min after induction. Results: In both groups, middle ear pressure values were found to be significantly elevated when compared to baseline measurements (p < 0.05). When middle ear pressure was compared between the groups, no difference was found between the values obtained at baseline and at 5 min in Group S, while especially the values obtained at 15 min revealed significantly higher middle ear pressures in Group D. Conclusion: It was observed that the increase in middle ear pressure caused by sevoflurane was significantly lower than that caused by desflurane.

© 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel


References

  1. Kelsaka E, Karakaya D, Baris S, Sarihasan B, Dilek A: Effect of intramuscular and intravenous lidocaine on propofol induction dose. Med Princ Pract 2011;20:71-74.
  2. Ozturk O, Demiraran Y, Ilce Z, Kocaman B, Guclu E, Karaman E: Effects of sevoflurane and TIVA with propofol on middle ear pressure. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2006;70:1231-1234.
  3. Schmittner MD, Janke C, Limmer ME, Weiss C, Bussen DG, Beck GC: Influence of sedation on patients' perceptions and recovery in patients undergoing minor perianal procedures under spinal saddle block. Med Princ Pract 2010;19:51-56.
  4. Mizrak A, Erbagci I, Arici T, Avci N, Ganidagli S, Oner U: Dexmedetomidine use during strabismus surgery in agitated children. Med Princ Pract 2011;20:427-432.
  5. Acar B, Degerli S, Sahin S, Karasen RM: Comparing the effects of desflurane and isoflurane on middle ear pressure. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital 2010;30:285-288.
  6. Firat Y, Kizilay A, Akarcay M, Yucel A, But K, Yologlu S: The effect of dexmedetomidine on middle ear pressure. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2007;137:218-223.
  7. Nishida T, Nishihara L, Hanada R, Tsukahara E, Okada T, Gomyo I: Two cases of hearing disorder following general anesthesia (in Japanese). Masui 1999;48:518-522.
  8. Kanai R, Kaneko K: Negative middle ear pressure and otitis media with effusion after surgery under general anesthesia. Acta Otolaryngol 2012;132:1049-1053.
  9. Karabiyik L, Bozkirli F, Celebi H, Goksu N: Effect of nitrous oxide on middle ear pressure: a comparison between inhalational anesthesia with nitrous oxide and TIVA. Eur J Anaesthesiol 1996;13:27-32.
  10. Jellish WS, Owen K, Edelstein S, Fluder E, Leonetti JP: Standard anesthetic technique for middle ear surgical procedures: a comparison of desflurane and sevoflurane. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2005;133:269-274.
  11. Albera R, Ferrero V, Canale A, De Siena L, Pallavicino F, Poli L: Cochlear blood flow modifications induced by anesthetic drugs in middle ear surgery: comparison between sevoflurane and propofol. Acta Otolaryngol 2003;123:812-816.
  12. Chinn K, Brown OE, Manning SC: Effects of inhalant anesthesia on the middle ear as measured by tympanometry. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1993;119:283-287.
  13. Doyle WJ, Banks JM: Middle ear pressure change during controlled breathing with gas mixtures containing nitrous oxide. J Appl Physiol 2003;94:199-204.
  14. Hohlrieder M, Keller C, Brimacombe J, Eschertzhuber S, Luckner G, Abraham I, von Goedecke A: Middle ear pressure changes during anesthesia with or without nitrous oxide are similar among airway devices. Anesth Analg 2006;102:319-321.
  15. Nader ND, Simpson G, Reedy RL: Middle ear pressure changes after nitrous oxide anesthesia and its effect on postoperative nausea and vomiting. Laryngoscope 2004;114:883-886.
  16. Ozturk O, Ilce Z, Demiraran Y, Iskender A, Guclu E, Yildizbas S: Effects of desflurane on middle ear pressure. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2007;71:1439-1441.

Article / Publication Details

Received: January 18, 2013
Accepted: August 20, 2013
Published online: October 08, 2013

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 5
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 0301-1569 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0275 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/ORL

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References

  1. Kelsaka E, Karakaya D, Baris S, Sarihasan B, Dilek A: Effect of intramuscular and intravenous lidocaine on propofol induction dose. Med Princ Pract 2011;20:71-74.
  2. Ozturk O, Demiraran Y, Ilce Z, Kocaman B, Guclu E, Karaman E: Effects of sevoflurane and TIVA with propofol on middle ear pressure. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2006;70:1231-1234.
  3. Schmittner MD, Janke C, Limmer ME, Weiss C, Bussen DG, Beck GC: Influence of sedation on patients' perceptions and recovery in patients undergoing minor perianal procedures under spinal saddle block. Med Princ Pract 2010;19:51-56.
  4. Mizrak A, Erbagci I, Arici T, Avci N, Ganidagli S, Oner U: Dexmedetomidine use during strabismus surgery in agitated children. Med Princ Pract 2011;20:427-432.
  5. Acar B, Degerli S, Sahin S, Karasen RM: Comparing the effects of desflurane and isoflurane on middle ear pressure. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital 2010;30:285-288.
  6. Firat Y, Kizilay A, Akarcay M, Yucel A, But K, Yologlu S: The effect of dexmedetomidine on middle ear pressure. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2007;137:218-223.
  7. Nishida T, Nishihara L, Hanada R, Tsukahara E, Okada T, Gomyo I: Two cases of hearing disorder following general anesthesia (in Japanese). Masui 1999;48:518-522.
  8. Kanai R, Kaneko K: Negative middle ear pressure and otitis media with effusion after surgery under general anesthesia. Acta Otolaryngol 2012;132:1049-1053.
  9. Karabiyik L, Bozkirli F, Celebi H, Goksu N: Effect of nitrous oxide on middle ear pressure: a comparison between inhalational anesthesia with nitrous oxide and TIVA. Eur J Anaesthesiol 1996;13:27-32.
  10. Jellish WS, Owen K, Edelstein S, Fluder E, Leonetti JP: Standard anesthetic technique for middle ear surgical procedures: a comparison of desflurane and sevoflurane. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2005;133:269-274.
  11. Albera R, Ferrero V, Canale A, De Siena L, Pallavicino F, Poli L: Cochlear blood flow modifications induced by anesthetic drugs in middle ear surgery: comparison between sevoflurane and propofol. Acta Otolaryngol 2003;123:812-816.
  12. Chinn K, Brown OE, Manning SC: Effects of inhalant anesthesia on the middle ear as measured by tympanometry. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1993;119:283-287.
  13. Doyle WJ, Banks JM: Middle ear pressure change during controlled breathing with gas mixtures containing nitrous oxide. J Appl Physiol 2003;94:199-204.
  14. Hohlrieder M, Keller C, Brimacombe J, Eschertzhuber S, Luckner G, Abraham I, von Goedecke A: Middle ear pressure changes during anesthesia with or without nitrous oxide are similar among airway devices. Anesth Analg 2006;102:319-321.
  15. Nader ND, Simpson G, Reedy RL: Middle ear pressure changes after nitrous oxide anesthesia and its effect on postoperative nausea and vomiting. Laryngoscope 2004;114:883-886.
  16. Ozturk O, Ilce Z, Demiraran Y, Iskender A, Guclu E, Yildizbas S: Effects of desflurane on middle ear pressure. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2007;71:1439-1441.

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